- Golden bronze fall color
- Smooth silvery-gray colored bark
- "Beech nuts" act as important wildlife food including wild turkeys, foxes, and porcupines
- Zones 4 to 9
- Grows to 50' to 70' with a 40' spread
- Can't ship to: AK, AZ, HI
Zones 4 - 9
The American Beech can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map.VIEW MAP
The American Beech falls into the following type(s): Ornamental Trees, Shade Trees
50' - 70' High
The American Beech grows to be 50' - 70' feet in height.
The American Beech has a spread of about 40' at full maturity.
Slow to Medium Growth
This tree grows at a slow to medium growth rate. [More about this.]
This beech does well in full sun.
The American Beech grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, silty loam, well drained, clay soils.
This beech has oval, pyramidal shape.
The American Beech tree is worth saving if it occurs on your property and one worth planting if you can meet its needs, including giving it plenty of space. Longevity compensates for its slow growth and a dense green canopy that changes to yellow-brown in autumn is reward for catering to its demanding nature. Throughout the eastern half of the United States, where this species occurs naturally, the four tiny nuts in each spiny bur are prized by a wide range of birds and mammals, including discerning humans.
Beechnuts are eaten by birds and mammals and are important food for chipmunks and squirrels.
A sturdy, densely canopied tree, the American Beech was a sign of fertile soil to early settlers and was quickly removed so the plow could take over and farming for food could commence. In hilly locations, it was the home for migrating Passenger Pigeons who were so numerous that they broke off the limbs of the trees from the sheer weight of their numbers when they perched on them. There was a Beech tree on the old stage road between Blountsville and Jonesboro, Tennessee that had an inscription carved into the trunk that read "D. Boone Cilled A Bar On Tree In Year 1760." The tree fell in 1916 and had a girth of 28-1/2 feet. The Forest Service estimated the tree's age to be 365 years, fully two centuries old before Daniel Boone inscribed it.
Well drained. The tree is very drought sensitive.
The leaves from this tree are 3 to 6 inches long, alternately arranged and marked with parallel veins that lead to sharp, incurved teeth on the margins. Glossy green color changing to copper in autumn.
Light brown and pale.
The fruit is oval, 1/2 to 1 inch in diameter, hard, brown, attractive to wildlife.
The American Beech is a versatile tree that is often used in landscapes, acreages, hedges and in the forestry industry. This tree features silvery-gray, smooth bark, golden-bronze fall color, and late-emerging spring leaves. The 'beech nuts" also act as an important wildlife food source for a variety of animals. Common grazers include wild turkey, pheasants, porcupine, foxes, and even black bears. Plant in well-drained, aerated soil. Grows to 50'-70' with a 40' spread. (Zones 4-9)
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When you order trees from The Arbor Day Foundation, your order is guaranteed to arrive in a good, healthy condition or we'll replace them at no charge. Your trees will be shipped at a suitable time for planting.
Each tree is guaranteed to grow, or we'll replace it at one half the original price, plus shipping and handling.
The benefits of bare-root trees
Our trees are delivered with natural bare roots which have been dipped in hydrating gel prior to shipment to keep the roots moist and healthy. As their abundant, fibrous roots aren't confined by a container, bare-root trees get off to a more vigorous start compared to containerized roots which typically need more time to adjust to transplanting. Bare-root trees typically surpass the size of larger containerized trees in only a few years.