Black Hills Spruce
Picea glauca var. densata
- Conical in shape
- Ideal as an ornamental evergreen or used for windbreaks or screens
- Bright green needles
- Dense and slow-growing
- Grows 30' to 60' high with 15' to 25' spread
- Zones 2 to 6
- Can't ship to: AK, AZ, HI
Zones 2 - 6
The Black Hills Spruce can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map.VIEW MAP
The Black Hills Spruce falls into the following type(s): Evergreens
30' - 60' High
The Black Hills Spruce grows to be 30' - 60' feet in height.
15' - 25' Spread
The Black Hills Spruce has a spread of about 15' - 25' at full maturity.
This tree grows at a slow growth rate. [More about this.]
This spruce does well in full sun, partial shade.
The Black Hills spruce grows in acid, moist, gravelly or sandy loam, fine clay soils.
This spruce has pyramidal shape.
The Black Hills spruce is a good yard or ornamental tree. This evergreen has a conical form, compact, dense, ascending branches, and deep green colored needles. It is a tough tree for difficult sites. It is adapted to cold and is very resistant to winter injury. The Black Hills spruce can be used as a windbreak and shelterbelt, privacy screen, accent planting, group plantings in recreation areas and public grounds, Christmas tree. It requires little pruning.
The Black Hills spruce provides nesting sites for birds and makes a good winter cover. The seeds provide food for songbirds, upland ground birds, small mammals, the bark food for porcupines. The foliage is lightly browsed by deer.
The Black Hills spruce is a naturally occurring variety of the white spruce. It is native from New Foundland to Alaska, south to Maine, northern New York and Michigan, northern Minnesota, northwest Montana, the Black Hills of South Dakota and adjacent Wyoming. It is the state tree of South Dakota. Plains Indians used the inner bark and shoots for food, the hardened sap for gum. They collected the spruce wood for tipi poles. The soft wood is used for dimension lumber, pulp, boxes, and crates.
The Black Hills spruce prefers moist, well drained soil, but will tolerate dry, well drained sites.The Black Hills spruce prefers moist, well drained soil, but will tolerate dry, well drained sites.
The needles are single, somewhat rigid, sharply pointed, spirally arranged on the branches, 1/3"-3/4", dark green to blue green.
Male is tan to pale red, female is greenish to purplish
The cones are tan brown, 1"-2" long, rounded smooth margin on the scales. The cones mature in a single season and may persist on the tree into mid-January.
An ornamental evergreen with bright green to bluish needles, the Black Hills Spruce is slow-growing; dense and conical in shape and ideal in windbreaks or screens. It is a tough tree for difficult sites, adapted to cold, and is very resistant to winter injury. Mature height of 30'-60' with 15'-25' spread. (zones 2-6)
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When you order trees from The Arbor Day Foundation, your order is guaranteed to arrive in a good, healthy condition or we'll replace them at no charge. Your trees will be shipped at a suitable time for planting.
Each tree is guaranteed to grow, or we'll replace it at one half the original price, plus shipping and handling.
The benefits of bare-root trees
Our trees are delivered with natural bare roots which have been dipped in hydrating gel prior to shipment to keep the roots moist and healthy. As their abundant, fibrous roots aren't confined by a container, bare-root trees get off to a more vigorous start compared to containerized roots which typically need more time to adjust to transplanting. Bare-root trees typically surpass the size of larger containerized trees in only a few years.