Early Richmond Cherry
- Sour cherry perfect for pies and preserves
- Self-fertile, earlier ripening
- Heavily-producing tree
- Ripens a week or more earlier than other pie cherries
- Late bloom time
- Produces fruit in 3 to 5 years
- Hardier in cold climates, resistant to drought, tolerant of humid or rainy conditions
- Zones 4 to 8
- Can't ship to: AK, AZ, CA, HI, OR, WA, CO
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Zones 4 - 8
The Early Richmond Cherry can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map.VIEW MAP
The Early Richmond Cherry falls into the following type(s): Fruit Trees
15' - 18' High
The Early Richmond Cherry grows to be 15' - 18' feet in height.
10' - 20' Spread
The Early Richmond Cherry has a spread of about 10' - 20' at full maturity.
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. [More about this.]
This cherry does well in full sun.
This tree prefers well drained, sandy, loam soil.
This cherry has rounded shape.
Early Richmond is a hardy, heavily producing tree with that ripens a week earlier than other pie cherries. The flavorful, tart, juicy cherries are used for pies and preserves. Our standard Early Richmond seedlings are budded to Prunus mahalb, while our dwarf seedlings grafted to Prunus besseyi (Sand Cherry).
Chill hours (CU) requirement: 700. (Chill hours are the average hours of air temperature between 32 and 45 degrees F in a typical winter season). For best fruit production, calculate the chill unit (CU) for your growing zone to be sure it aligns with the CU requirement of this tree.
The fruit is eaten by many varieties of birds and mammals. The foliage is browsed. Flocks of birds are the greatest threat to the trees. They will eat the cherries at the first sign of ripeness. Nylon or cheesecloth netting draped over the trees as the fruits begin to ripen is an effective deterrent. This technique can be very practical if the trees are kept to a reasonable height by pruning.
The origin is unknown, but it was planted in England in the early 1500s. It was brought to the United States with the English settlers. The term tart or pie cherry is preferred over sour since this connotes bad flavor.
The standard grows to 18', and dwarf grows to 8' in height.
Standard spread grows to 30' and dwarf grows to a 12'-15' spread.
This tree requires moist, well drained soil and has some resistance to drought.
Simple, alternate, elliptic with acute tips, double teeth on margins, smooth and dark green on top, about 3" long. Smaller than sweet cherries.
Bright red medium sized juicy fruit with a thin, light red skin. A generally smooth pit encloses a single seed.
Early Richmond is a hardy, heavily-producing tree with that ripens a week earlier than other pie cherries. The flavorful, tart, juicy cherries are most often used for pies and preserves. Will produce fruit in 3 to 5 years and is hardier in cold climates, resistant to drought, and more tolerant of humid rainy conditions than sweet varieties like Bing and Black Tartarian. In spring the compact tree has white clusters of flowers. A standard cherry tree will produce fruit in 3–5 years. (Self-fertile; however, planting more than one tree is recommended for the best crop.) (Zones 4–8)
Dwarf trees should be staked to ensure tree's ability to bear weight of fruit and protect against leaning.
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When you order trees from The Arbor Day Foundation, your order is guaranteed to arrive in a good, healthy condition or we'll replace them at no charge. Your trees will be shipped at a suitable time for planting.
Each tree is guaranteed to grow, or we'll replace it at one half the original price, plus shipping and handling.
The benefits of bare-root trees
Our trees are delivered with natural bare roots which have been dipped in hydrating gel prior to shipment to keep the roots moist and healthy. As their abundant, fibrous roots aren't confined by a container, bare-root trees get off to a more vigorous start compared to containerized roots which typically need more time to adjust to transplanting. Bare-root trees typically surpass the size of larger containerized trees in only a few years.