- Unique, peeling, cinnamon-colored bark
- Year-round color standing out in fall and winter
- Highest deer-resistant rating tier
- Grows 40' to 70' with 40' to 60' spread
- Zones 4 to 9
- Can't ship to: AK, AZ, HI
Zones 4 - 9
The River Birch can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map.VIEW MAP
The River Birch falls into the following type(s): Ornamental Trees, Shade Trees
40' - 70' High
The River Birch grows to be 40' - 70' feet in height.
40' - 60' Spread
The River Birch has a spread of about 40' - 60' at full maturity.
Medium to Fast Growth
This tree grows at a medium to fast growth rate. [More about this.]
This birch does well in full sun, partial shade.
The River Birch grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wet, wide range, clay soils.
This birch has oval, pyramidal, upright or erect shape.
The River Birch has become a popular landscape tree because of its distinctive bark and graceful crown. It also is said to be the Birch most resistant to borers, and can tolerate drier conditions than other Birches. Its small but plentiful seeds are appreciated by a wide range of songbirds.
The catkins of the River Birch are used by redpolls and pine siskins. The foliage is eaten by deer and other browsers.
The River Birch is one of the 12 Birch species that extend southward from the Arctic Circle. It is the only one that grows naturally at low elevations in the southeastern part of the United States. Mud is a natural bed for the seedlings and the tree is excellent for holding stream banks and thus helping to keep erosion in check.
While it will tolerate moderate flooding, it also has some drought resistance.
This trees leaves are 1-1/2 to 3 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide with tiny hairs on stem and the underside of a stout midrib.
Flowers are brown or green.
The flowers bloom in April to May..
The fruit is elongated, 1 to 3 inches long.
The combination of fast growth, unique bark, and great fall color make the River Birch a constant member's favorite. Its cinnamon-colored, exfoliating bark is spectacular in the winter. The lustrous, medium-green leaves of this birch turn yellow in fall adding color to your landscape year round. Of all the birches, the River Birch is the most borer resistant. This tree tolerates both wet soils and dry summers, but be sure to avoid very alkaline soil to ensure a healthy tree. Grows to 40' to 70', 40'-60' spread.(zones 4-9)
|Spring Shipping||Fall Shipping|
When you order trees from The Arbor Day Foundation, your order is guaranteed to arrive in a good, healthy condition or we'll replace them at no charge. Your trees will be shipped at a suitable time for planting.
Each tree is guaranteed to grow, or we'll replace it at one half the original price, plus shipping and handling.
The benefits of bare-root trees
Our trees are delivered with natural bare roots which have been dipped in hydrating gel prior to shipment to keep the roots moist and healthy. As their abundant, fibrous roots aren't confined by a container, bare-root trees get off to a more vigorous start compared to containerized roots which typically need more time to adjust to transplanting. Bare-root trees typically surpass the size of larger containerized trees in only a few years.