The Cucumbertree Magnolia grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wet, clay soils.
An excellent shade tree for large expanses that grows rapidly.
Perfect, slightly fragrant greenish-yellow flowers bloom high upon the tree in May to early June with pinkish red fruit resembling a cucumber. Exceptional tree for large properties. Medium to fast growth rate. Grows 50' to 80', 40' spread. (zones 4-8)
The seeds of the Cucumbertree Magnolia are eaten by several species of birds and small mammals. Grackles and blackbirds will eat the young fruit. Twigs, leaves, and buds are sometimes browsed by deer.
The Cucumber Magnolia Tree is found in forests from New York to Georgia and west to Illinois. The first scientific observations were made in 1736 by John Clayton, one of Virginia's pioneer botanists. In the early 1800s these trees were widely exported to Europe, where they were found in the very finest gardens and landscapes. The pioneers were reputed to have used the bitters extracted from the green fruit with whisky as a fever medicine. The wood was also widely used for furniture and interior paneling.
Can withstand some flooding and has moderate drought tolerance.
The leaves from this tree alternate, and are simple, elliptic, 4 to 10 inches long. Yellow-green in summer, sometimes bronze in the fall.
Yellow-green flowers that have a tendency to blend in with the leaves.
May to early June..
The fruit is pinkish red fruit resembling a cucumber from which the tree derives it's name. Attractive to wildlife and leaves little or no residue on the ground.